Timothy Noakes 简介：
Timothy Noakes 出版的书籍（含下载链接）：
Waterlogged: The Serious Problem of Overhydration in Endurance Sports 简介：
"For sport science devotees at all levels, and those who love to just go for a run, Dr. Noakes' book is the ultimate combination of scientific rigor and practical advice. A must on every athlete’s bookshelf."
Karim Khan--Editor of British Journal of Sports Medicine
"Finally, an unbiased look at fluid replacement: the real science behind thirst, fluid balance, and thermoregulation during exercise! Waterlogged is a must-read for athletes, coaches, parents, and sports medicine professionals."
Sandra Fowkes Godek, PhD, ATC-- HEAT Institute Director West Chester University
About the Author
Known throughout the academic community for the high-caliber nature of his scientific insights and work, Dr. Timothy Noakes is Discovery Health professor of exercise and sport science at the University of Cape Town in South Africa. He is also director of the Medical Research Council/University of Cape Town Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine at the Sports Science Institute of South Africa in Newlands. Noakes was awarded a doctorate in science (DSc) in 2002, the highest degree awarded by the University of Cape Town. Publishing the first scientific article on exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is considered among his greatest achievements.
Noakes is a veteran of more than 70 marathons and ultramarathons, and his book Lore of Running (Human Kinetics, 2003) is considered a classic by serious distance runners. In addition, Noakes is an editorial board member for many international sport science journals and a former president of the South African Sports Medicine Association. In 1996, he presented the prestigious J.B. Wolffe Memorial Lecture at the American College of Sports Medicine’s annual meeting. In 1999 he was elected as one of 22 founding members of the International Olympic Committee’s Olympic Science Academy. The National Research Foundation of South Africa considers Noakes an A-rated scientist, and in 2008 he received the Order of Mapungubwe (Silver) from the president of South Africa.
Noakes and his wife, Marilyn Anne, reside in Cape Town.
Waterlogged: The Serious Problem of Overhydration in Endurance Sports 读者评论：
Tom, Dick, and Harry are about to start running a marathon. They each weigh the same. The weather is hot, but humidity is low. Tom expects to finish the marathon in 2.5 hours, during which he will ingest nothing. Dick expects to finish in 5 hours, is pre-hydrated, and will take water at every aid station. Harry expects to finish in 6 hours, is pre-hydrated, and will take sports drink at every aid station.
Which of these is/are most/more likely to report to the medical tent? Answer: Dick and Harry.
Tim Noakes began his research career at about the same time marathon organizers, coaches, and others began advising runners to pre-hydrate, and stay ahead of thirst during marathons and other endurance events. As a researcher, Noakes, perpetuated this. But, some of the people who followed this advice were getting seriously sick. Noakes took a closer look at the studies, and discovered authors of key study in 1969 had made a classic error. The result of this and other research errors is that endurance athletes have been given bad advice -- advice that contributes to endurance athletes' need for medical attention and even fatalities.
For the last 30 years, Noakes has been studying how body temperature, water, and electrolytes are used or regulated in endurance sports, both in doing his own research and evaluating the research of others. In this book, he is critical of the research that generated the advice to "drink ahead of thirst" or advice that endurance athletes should take drinks that replace electrolytes. But, he claims research that advises endurance athletes to drink according to their thirst is well supported. By trying to stay ahead of thirst, an endurance athlete can drink enough to dilute electrolyte concentration, leading to a condition called exercise-associated hyponatremia.
Marathoners have been becoming more aware of the dangers of exercise-associated hyponatremia. However, there is still some bad advice out there. The sports drink industry would have us believe the electrolytes in their products can protect us from hyponatremia. Noakes argues it won't. To make matters worse, there is still confusion about symptoms of dehydration, heatstroke, and hyponatremia. Many athletes think they are dehydrated or approaching heat illness when they are actually overhydrated. Some of those in the medical tent might also be lacking in knowledge. This can lead to incorrect treatment.
Noakes wrote this book to help us get pass the bad advice, and show why it isn't supported by good science. Noakes wrote this book to help prevent more deaths.
After 27 drafts, Noakes submitted nearly 1,300 pages with a poor tone. With advice from an editor, Noakes got the book down to less than 450 pages, and improved the tone. But, some of the original still shows through: He occasionally seems to mock other research, and he can be repetitious, sometimes trying to drive home a point he had covered earlier. Sometimes his mocking can be funny, but I was usually a bit annoyed. This book is somewhere between a technical book, written for other researches, and the layman. I'm one of the layman readers, and I'm not qualified to read and evaluate the numerous studies he cites.
Noakes likes the philosophy of science of Karl Popper. Yet, in "Waterlogged," he sometimes writes that those who did research with conclusions that agree with his "proved" something. He also quotes someone as saying "The plural of 'anecdote' is not 'scientific data'," but this book has many anecdotes. Frankly however, even though anecdotes lack scientific standing, including runners' experiences makes the book more interesting to a lay reader.
If I were not interested in the subject, I would rate this book 3 stars, in part for being longer than it could have been. But, I am a marathoner, and a slow one at that. So, this really matters to me. For marathoners, triathletes, and others who participate, or are training to participate in athletic events which could last for hours, and for coaches, trainers and others who advise these athletes, this book is a "must read." Because of the importance to us, I give it 5 stars.
I cannot imagine the work that went into this book...all on the subject of overhydration....yet, the effect it can have on athletic performance is interesting and, quite imperative.
I personally have always gone by the rule of hydrate, hydrate, hydrate for best performance but this doctor expels the myths and the problems in the studies that taught us that and, more importantly digs deep into the physical facts as to why we shouldn't.
Don't get me wrong...that is not to say you should be dehydrated. Far from it. But I study, and review sport drinks and sport performance drinks. I like to know what works and why in all regards to working out. It's simply a study of interest to me.
The massive studies in here that dispel the performance of Gatorade is alone good reading. Gatorade funded study after study proving the need for, guess what?, Gatorade.
But that's not the end of the story...in fact there is far more to it...this book provides proof and study after study and charts and graphs...truly intent on using facts rather than shaky research or company funds to prove what we should be doing.
I personally like the sports and workout books that are full of great color illustrations and visual learning. This isn't that kind of book, yet I still found it very interesting. Would my visual learning have been enhanced had they found ways to add this? Yes, I just find those workout books more interesting with the photos and illustrations to take you through the research and facts. But this is a book of facts and it the author clearly has found his passion in studying this subject. And it's a hefty book of facts at almost 500 pages of them!
Better yet, it doesn't just tell you what not to do, it goes into great detail, from this sports physician who is the writer, of what you SHOULD be doing and why in order to endure and perform best as an athlete when it comes to hydration and sodium needs.
There are books that retrain your brain and all we have been taught, like the one introducing the benefits of barefoot running shoes.
This is one of those books...dispelling the myths and proving why. It's a must for any runner or any endurance sport.